Tuesday, 18 October 2022 00:00

Types of Juvenile Arthritis

Arthritis that develops in a child is known as juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA.) Juvenile means under the age of 16, idiopathic means the cause is unknown, and arthritis indicates inflammation, swelling, and pain in joints, including the ankle. While the cause is unknown, it is believed that genetics may play a role in the development of juvenile idiopathic arthritis. However, it is not considered to be hereditary. The five main types of JIA are oligoarthritis, polyarticular, systemic onset, enthesitis-related, and psoriatic arthritis. Oligoarthritis is the most common type, and affects up to four joints, including the ankle. Polyarticular arthritis affects five or more joints, including the ankle, and generally appears in the same joint on each side of the body. Systemic onset arthritis, also known as Still’s disease, is the least common. It affects the joints but also causes widespread inflammation, high fevers, and swollen glands, among other symptoms. Enthesitis-related arthritis affects the ligaments and tendons that attach to the bones. Finally, psoriatic arthritis can infect multiple joints, but also causes a scaly skin rash. If your child exhibits pain, swelling, tenderness, redness and stiffness in the ankle joint, please consult with a podiatrist to determine the cause and discuss treatment options.

Making sure that your children maintain good foot health is very important as they grow. If you have any questions, contact one of the podiatrists of Ark La Tex Foot & Ankle Specialists. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Keeping Children's Feet Healthy

Having healthy feet during childhood can help prevent medical problems later in life, namely in the back and legs. As children grow, their feet require different types of care. Here are some things to consider...

Although babies do not walk yet, it is still very important to take care of their feet.

Avoid putting tight shoes or socks on his or her feet.

Allow the baby to stretch and kick his or her feet to feel comfortable.

As a toddler, kids are now on the move and begin to develop differently. At this age, toddlers are getting a feel for walking, so don’t be alarmed if your toddler is unsteady or ‘walks funny’. 

As your child gets older, it is important to teach them how to take care of their feet.

Show them proper hygiene to prevent infections such as fungus.

Be watchful for any pain or injury.

Have all injuries checked by a doctor as soon as possible.

Comfortable, protective shoes should always be worn, especially at play.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Shreveport, Bossier City, and Natchitoches, LA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about How to Care for Your Child's Feet

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